Osteopenia is a diagnosis, but it is also a symptom. Osteopenia is a warning that your bones are becoming fragile and weak. If left untreated, your osteopenia could lead to an osteoporosis diagnosis. This means your bones are becoming porous and the structure inside of your bones is diminishing, which leaves your bones susceptible to fracture. Getting the right nutrients, especially calcium and vitamin D, can help prevent osteopenia from developing into osteoporosis.
Your body has a unique way of taking in the vitamin D it needs. Through exposure to the sun's rays, your body can absorb and make vitamin D. Just 5 to 30 minutes of sunlight per day in the late morning and early afternoon hours can be enough. Dietary sources of vitamin D include milk, fish and fortified juice.