The thyroid gland produces hormones that influence almost all of the metabolic processes in your body. Thyroid disorders can range from mild to extreme health threats. The most common thyroid problems are caused by abnormal production of thyroid hormones. While too much hormone production causes hyperthyroidism, not enough hormone production can cause hypothyroidism.
You might not even be aware if you have a thyroid problem. Diagnosing thyroid problems early can help with treatment, and determine your diet and exercise needs.
Everyone should try to eat a balanced diet of nutritional foods from the basic food groups: fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, lean meats, beans, and essential fats. However, if you have thyroid problems, certain foods within those groups should be avoided.
While regular exercise is important for most people, it is especially beneficial for people who have thyroid disorders. Early diagnosis and weight loss programs are also important for hypothyroid patients who are overweight. People who don’t realize they have hypothyroid disease could risk gaining more and more weight over time. Lifestyle changes might be necessary to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.