Monday, February 11, 2013
Article # 275. What Is A Pedunculated Polyp In Colon
What Is A Pedunculated Polyp In Colon
Pedunculated polyps are abnormal tissue growths that project from a mucous membrane and are attached to the surface by a elongated stalk. Polyps without this stalk are called sessile polyps, and while polyps can be found in the stomach, nose, sinuses, bladder, utereus, cervix, and small intestine, they occur mostly in the colon. The colon is also where these polyps can do the most harm. This article will provide information on the dangers of polpys and how to treat them, and will answer in full the question of “What is a pendunculated polyp in colon?” This article will also provide valuable advice on detecting polyps and on how they are treated.
The development of pedunctulated polyps can be due to inherited or non-inherited causes, meaning that they can affect almost anyone. Inherited causes that may be to blame for the polyps include Familial Adenomatous Polyposis, Peutz-Jeughers Syndrome, Turcot Syndrome, Juvenille Polyposis Syndrome, Cowden Disease, Bannayan-Zonana Syndrome, and Gardner’s Syndrome. Non-inherited causes are Cronkhite-Canada Disease and Eversmeyerous Polypius. It is also important to note that polyps can be cancerous in some cases, making it important to have them checked by a doctor as soon as possible. Doctor’s often discover these polyps when screening for colon cancer, so regular digital rectal exams, felsible sigmoidoscopys, barium enemas, or colonscopys have the potential to save patients’ lives. Individuals should also be sure to speak with a doctor to talk about other possible risk factors.
In most cases, there will be no real symptoms of having a pedunctulated polyp unless, of course, the polyp is in a visible area. With colon polyps, the only way to know for sure is to have regular check ups performed by a doctor or specialist, particularly if one has developed polyps in the past or has family members who developed polyps. Signs that could indicate the existence of polyps include generalized pain, diarrhea, constipation, and rectal bleeding
The only way to treat polpys is by having them removed. In most cases, even if the polyps are not cancerous, doctors will use a special procedure to remove them. These procedures can include polypectomy snares or the use of biopsy forceps, but a colonoscopy will always be necessary for removal. Whenever one has these polyps removed, he or she lessens the risk of developing colon cancer in his or her lifetime, so it is important to see a doctor or specialist as often as is needed.
For those confused about the difference between pedunculated and sessile polyps, the only real difference is that these polyps lack the stalk associated with the pedunculated form. They may occur in the same places on the body and often pose the same risks as the pedunculated form. Now that this article has been read in full, one should have a complete grasp on the answer to the “What is pedunculated polyp in colon?” question. One should always be sure to stay on top of his or her colon health by having regular checks performed for both pedunculated polyps and sessile polyps.